What Are Common Heart Diseases?


Your heart is the pumping organ in your body. Heart disease is a broad term used to describe that there are some problems with the heart. But it has various types, causing different symptoms and treatments. In some cases, medicines and lifestyle changes can make a difference and help you live a healthy life. However, sometimes people with heart diseases may need to undergo surgery.

If you have any symptoms of heart disease such as breathlessness, cough, or dizziness, you should visit the healthcare provider as soon as possible. Never take those symptoms lightly. To get an expert opinion, you can consult with the Best Cardiologist in Lahore.

Here in this article, we will tell you about different types of heart diseases. They are as follows:

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease or CAD is common heart disease. It is a condition in which your heart does not receive enough oxygenated blood. When that happens, your heart does not get enough nutrition and oxygen.

Coronary artery disease often starts due to atherosclerosis- a condition in which the hardening of arteries occurs. It can also cause chest pain or angina. The common risk factors for coronary artery disease are:

  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • A family history of coronary artery disease
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Having metabolic syndrome or its history
  • Smoking
  • Prolonged stress

Heart Arrhythmias

Your heart beats in a particular rhythm. And you need to stay healthy. But sometimes, your heart may get out of rhythm, causing arrhythmias. It can be a life-threatening condition.

Heart arrhythmias can also occur due to other heart diseases and some medications. You should visit the emergency department soon if you have any symptoms of arrhythmias.

Heart Failure

Heart failure is a condition in which your heart can not pump blood efficiently. It can happen due to other health conditions such as kidney disease, thyroid conditions, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, and high blood pressure.

Common symptoms of heart failure are breathlessness, cough, and dizziness.

Heart Valve Diseases

Your heart contains four valves that regulate blood flow. They regulate blood regulation within your heart chambers, lungs, and blood vessels. Sometimes a defect can occur in the valves, resulting in heart valvular disease.

The abnormality in the valves can result in leakage or backflow of blood because of improper opening or closing. When they can not close tightly, it results in an abnormality in blood flow.

With valvular heart disease, sometimes the healthcare providers may wait and watch your condition. Sometimes, they may surgically operate it.

Some common causes of heart valve diseases are congenital heart disease, rheumatic fever, coronary artery disease, and high blood pressure. However, there can be other causes too.

The common valvular heart diseases are:

Endocarditis– is a condition in which inflammation of the heart lining occurs. Mostly, it occurs because of bacterial infection. Antibiotics can help treat the condition. However, if due to endocarditis, your heart valves are damaged, you may need to get them replaced surgically.

Rheumatic Fever– is a condition in which your heart valves and muscles are affected by rheumatic fever. It is often related to scarlet fever or strep throat.


Cardiomyopathy is a condition in which the heart’s lining myocardium gets stiff, thickened, or stretched. With this condition, your heart may not be able to pump well. The common causes of cardiomyopathy are certain drugs or infections from viruses.

The Bottom Line

Heart diseases are now often manageable. If you have any disease, do not take it lightly. You must visit the healthcare provider if you have any symptoms of heart disease such as cough, breathlessness, or dizziness. To seek an expert opinion, you can consult with a specialist at Shaafi International Hospital.


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